Public Policy Bulletin (4th Issue - March 2023)

4 Follow Us on Social Media Internationally, China could contribute to climate change adaptation and disaster reduction by participating actively in international platforms, e.g., the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Developing a pluralistic disaster reduction system China could establish an institutional mechanism for cooperation, coordination, and policy learning across sectors and regions, e.g., a multi-sectoral cooperation system led by government agencies that are responsible for emergency management, ecology, environment, and other relevant policy areas. The country could ecourage partnerships between the public and private sectors as mechanisms for alternative funding, risk assessment, risk analysis, risk management, and risk transfer. The mechanisms communicating risk information and releasing disaster information to the public could be strengthened to enhance citizens’ awareness of and adaptability to climate risks and to guide the public to carry out self-rescue actions in disaster situations. Building climate-resilient smart cities The country could utilize emerging technology, e.g., big data and cloud computing, to conduct risk analysis and prediction. In addition, it is essential to improve the existing meteorological observation system, especially in underdeveloped and remote areas. It is also possible to enhance the agility of risk communication through decentralizing the early warning system using emerging technology. Green Infrastructure (GI) consists of green open spaces that are interwoven with natural and artificial elements. Functions of GI include climate adaptation and disaster prevention and mitigation. China could synthesize GI and other sustainable programs, such as sponge city pilots, urban repair pilots, and ecological restoration. Chinese cities could re-conceptualize design standards and specifications for buildings and develop integrated platforms, cloud computing service platforms, and eembedded controller systems in buildings to meet the needs of climate-resilient smart cities. Xiaofan ZHAO is Assistant Professor in the Division of Public Policy (PPOL) at HKUST. Her research interests include climate change, energy and environmental policy, theories of the policy process, and regulatory enforcement and compliance. She concentrates on energy conservation and climate change policies with a geographical focus on China and comparative environmental governance with a global scope. Her articles have been published in well-known journals, including World Development, Energy Research & Social Science, Energy Policy, The Journal of Cleaner Production, Environmental Policy and Governance, etc. Reference Qi, Ye., Zhou, D., Zhao, Xiaofan, Li, H., Wang, Y., & Wang, B. (2021). Enhancing Climate Risk Governance in China. UK-China Collaboration on Climate Risk Assessment (Phase III). Ye QI is Professor in the Division of Public Policy (PPOL) at HKUST. His expertise includes environmental policy and governance, sustainability science, climate change, and Chinese environmental and energy policy. His articles have appeared in notable journals, e.g., Nature Geoscience, Applied Energy, Energy Policy, and Environmental Policy and Governance. He has been the Cheung Kong Professor of Environmental Policy and Management and the Volkswagen Professor of Sustainability at Tsinghua University. He has served as a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and Director of the Brookings-Tsinghua Center for Public Policy. He has also taught at the University of California, Berkeley. Contact Us (852) 3469 2721 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology c/o Division of Public Policy (PPOL) Room 4611, Academic Building, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Strengthening Climate Risk Governance in China: Disaster risk management and climate change adaptation Public Policy BULLETIN