Public Policy Bulletin (5th Issue - June 2023)

4 Follow Us on Social Media Contact Us (852) 3469 2721 The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology c/o Division of Public Policy (PPOL) Room 4611, Academic Building, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong Main Reference Chow, J., Du, C. D., & Wu, X. (2022). Uncertainty and collaborative governance: the role of science in combating shipping air pollution in Hong Kong and the Greater Bay Area, China. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 1-13. References Kilburn, M., Ng, S.K.W., Lin, C., Chan, J., Yip, A., Lau, A.K.H., Fung, J., Wu, D., Li, Y., Lai, H.K., Tsang, H., Chau, J., Lee, C.H., McGhee, S.M., & Wong, C.M. (2012). A Price Worth Paying: The Case for Controlling Marine Emissions in the Pearl River Delta. Civic Exchange. Koppenjan, J.F.M., & Klijn, E.H. (2004). Managing Uncertainties in Networks. A Network Approach to Problem Solving and Decision Making. Routledge. Lai, H.K., Tsang, H., Chau, J., Lee, C.H., McGhee, S.M., Hedley, A.J., & Wong, C.M. (2013). Health impact assessment of marine emissions in Pearl River Delta region. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 66, 158-163. Lau, A.K.H., Wu, W.M., Fung, J.C.H., Henry, R.C., & Barron, B. (2005). Significant Marine Source for SO2 levels in Hong Kong. Civic Exchange. Lau, A.K.H., Yu, J., Wong, T.W., Yu, I.T.S., & Poore, M.W. (2003). Assessment of Toxic Air Pollutant Measurements in Hong Kong: Final Report (Tender Reference AS 01-285). HKEPD. Margerum, R.D., & Robinson, C.J. (eds.) (2016). The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance: Barriers and Responses. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK. Ng, S.K.W., Lin, C., Chan, J.W.M., Yip, A.C.K., Lau, A.K.H., & Fung, J.C.H. (2012). Study on Marine Vessels Emission Inventory Final Report (Tender Reference AS 08-068). Institute for the Environment HKUST for HKEPD. Ng, S. (2018). Fair Winds Charter: How Civic Exchange Influenced Policymaking to Reduce Ship Emissions in Hong Kong 2006-2015. Civic Exchange. Zhang, Y., Loh, C., Louie, P.K.K., Liu, H., & Lau, A.K.H. (2018). The roles of scientific research and stakeholder engagement for evidence-based policy formulation on shipping emissions control in Hong Kong. Journal of Environmental Management, 223, 49-56. Xun Wu is Professor at the Innovation, Policy and Entrepreneurship Thrust at the Society Hub of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (GZ). His research fields include water resource management, health policy, anti-corruption, policy design and innovations, and technology policy. His articles have been published in leading journals such as Policy Sciences, Public Administration Review, Social Sciences & Medicine, and Water Resources Research. He has been awarded myriad research grants from national and municipal governments. In addition, he has been a consultant for various IGOs, such as the World Bank and the International Vaccine Institute. Jeffrey Chow is Postdoctoral Fellow in the Institute for Emerging Market Studies and the Division of Public Policy at HKUST. He holds a PhD from Yale University, and Master of Environmental Management and Master of Forestry from Duke University. His research focuses on land economics and policy, and the role of natural capital in climate change adaptation. His peer-reviewed publications have appeared in Science, PLOS One, Land Economics, the Journal of Sustainable Forestry, Forest Policy and Economics, the Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, and elsewhere. Coco Du is Research Assistant Professor in the Innovation, Policy and Entrepreneurship Thrust Area, Society Hub, HKUST (Guangzhou Campus). She received her PhD in Environmental Science, Policy and Management from HKUST (the Clear Water Bay Campus). Her research centers on environmental policy, green finance, and regional innovation. Moreover, she actively applies her research methodology to address real-life policy issues. Her papers have appeared in prominent journals such as the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, the Journal of Chinese Governance, and the Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning. following which regulations were enacted. Eventually, when regulations proved successful in Hong Kong and the institutional uncertainties were reduced or eliminated, citylevel policy evolved into a Chinese regulatory regime involving various national-level government agencies. This approach could prevent policy errors and increase political acceptability by gradually escalating the intensity and scope of policy collaboration (see the typology in Magerum (2008)). Fostering an inclusive collaborative policy framework with more diverse and balanced views In the case of shipping emissions regulations, despite the active participation of scientists and civil society, the shipping industry was still the most critical stakeholder, exerting considerable influence on the policymaking process. To maximize the welfare of a wider spectrum of interest groups, an inclusive policy framework with a more influential civil society is crucial. Public Policy BULLETIN The Role Science Plays in Reducing Policy Uncertainties: Collaborative Governance for Shipping Emissions Control in Hong Kong and the Greater Bay Area